Therapeutic diet, clear liquid or full liquid diet.

                Therapeutic diet plans are
designed to control the intake of specific foods and nutrients by making modifications
to a regular diet. The purpose of these modifications is to fulfill and manage the
patient’s individual needs and requirements based on their current health status
or medical condition they may have. Therapeutic diets are often prescribed to
treat diseases such as diabetes, high blood pressure, congestive heart failure
or kidney disease. There are many therapeutic diets that are used in a long
term care facility. 
                Specific
nutrient based diet modifications may include no concentrated sweets, diabetic
diets, no salt or low sodium diets, low fat and/or low cholesterol diets, and high
fiber or renal diets. No concentrated sweets diets are suggested for diabetics
who have sugar levels that are considered under control and encourage food that
is not high in sugar and without the addition of sugar. Diabetic diets are
created to help control blood sugar levels. Diabetic diets also monitor the
overall caloric intake to help control weight. A low sodium diet is also
referred to as the “2 gram sodium diet” and is used for patients with edema,
high blood pressure, heart disease, liver disease, or kidney disease. This diet
encourages the limitation of salty food consumption. Low fat and cholesterol
diets are created to help treat medical conditions that interfere with the bodies’
utilization of fat such as liver disease, gall bladder disease and pancreatic
disease. Low fat and cholesterol diet are also suggested for weight and body
cholesterol reduction to help treat and prevent heart disease such as coronary
artery disease. High fiber diets are often prescribed for patients to treat gastrointestinal,
cardiovascular and metabolic diseases.  Renal
diets are prescribed for patients experiencing kidney disease. This diet advises
patients to limit fluids, slat potassium, phosphorous, protein consumption.  
                Texture
modification diets change the consistency of a regular diet. They include a mechanical
soft diet, puree diet, clear liquid or full liquid diet. Soft diet and purred diets
are often made when the patient experiences issues while chewing or swallowing,
dysphagia, have incorrect fitting dentures, or patients with dental caries. Clear
liquid diets are prepared for patients who are experiencing an illness where
they have a difficult time tolerating food. This diet should consist of liquid
that are clear such as water, broth, coffee, tea and carbonated beverages. However,
this diet is nutritionally inadequate and should only be prescribed for a short
duration. A full liquid diet is often used as a transition diet from a clear liquid
diet to a soft food diet. The liquids are suggested to be at body temperature
and used when patients may still be experiencing difficulty tolerating soft,
regular foods. Tube feedings may be administered to those recovering from a
surgery or illness that may be experiencing a difficulty swallowing and tolerating
foods. The patient may also be given a tube feeding diet if they are
experiencing any gastrointestinal distress. Additional supplemental feedings
may be necessary for patients receiving texture modification or tube feeding diets
to ensure that they are receiving the adequate amount of nutrients needed.