Porton weapon after testing it in Gruinard Island.

 

 

Porton Down, was used as a concurrent context of referral to Baskerville military base, which is all rumor but the actual mislead secretive scientific experiments assigned by the government were carried out in Porton’s Defense Science and Technology Laboratory (DSTL) since 1916. (Wikipedia, 2018) During the Cold war, hundreds and thousands soldiers actively volunteered to take part in the secretive experiments at government’s research centers in Porton Down. This research institute in Britain accounts for £500m funds each year with an employee enrollment of 3000 scientists. (BBC, 2016) With a size area of 7000 acres, it was designed and constructed to avenge a Chlorine gas attack by the German along with phosgene and Sulfur mustard, during World War I. Initially they started with making masks and safety clothing to test for counter chemical attack against German. However, in 1925, the use of chemical weapon in war was restricted by the Geneva Protocol. Shortly afterwards, biological warfare research named Biology Department Porton (BDP) was started in 1940 under Paul Fildes, a molecular biologist. In 1942, it used bacillus anthracis, a bacterium, as a biological weapon after testing it in Gruinard Island. Soil sampling and testing in 1981 showed spores of anthrax. DSTL was also a site for animal testing, and the biomedical section was incorporated with efficacy testing, drug assessment, genetically modified breeding, surgical studies etc. However, very unethical and discreet experiments were carried out, such as animals being used for unusual purposes, exposed to toxic lethal chemical agents, gene cloning to attain bizarre features. About 10956 animals were used as testing materials in 1997. In 1953, aircraft Ronald Maddison died for an accidental touch of Sarin, during a toxic nerve agent test. A parliament official claimed that there were numerous things going on inside DSTL, for which the truth is very harsh to withhold, and yet the ministries are unaware of it. (News, 1999) It was later revealed that, their intention to preserve information and prevent public acknowledgement, was to obstruct information leakage to potential invaders, which might use it to create a defensive mechanism.