Physically, an infant usually turns their face around in order for their cheeks to become in contact with those objects/ people around them. This is known as the rooting reflex. If an individual was to place their finger within the infant’s palm, the infant will grasp the individuals finger tightly. This is known as the grasp reflex. When the infant is startled, it will create a loud noise, followed with their arms and leg moving in an outwards position, while arching/ straightening their back. This is known as the startle reflex. When the infant is held in an up-right position, with their feet making contact with the ground, they are making movements as if they are attempting to take their first step/ walk. This is known as the walking reflex. Finally, the infants might have had the ability to physically recognise and interact with other individuals, remembering and becoming familiar with voices and faces. Intellectually, an infant should be able to recognise sound as their brain grown in a rapid pace. This allows the infants to conclude variations between different sound effects due to their increase vocabulary. Infants are born with a range of reflexes and the ability to sense objects. This allows the infants to be able to do he basic things such as sucking in order for them to feed productively. All these actions lead to greater actions which are controlled by the infant’s body muscles. The sensorimotor stage is the stage where the infants mind is limited to a small amount of knowledge and memory. Emotionally, the infant can become more aware of their surroundings, feelings and thoughts. As the infant grows, they gradually develop emotions. An example can be happiness, excitement or enjoyment whilst having a bath. Another example that an infant can display emotionally through their thoughts, feelings and facial expressions is nervousness or discomfort. This can be presented while attending hospitals, getting vaccinations, medication etc. They may present their preferences (emotionally) through food, people, games etc towards the end of their infancy years and the beginning of their childhood stages. Socially, the infant will begin to distinguish their daily routine and start to enjoy them. An example of things they might enjoy are: baths feeding time sleeping going to the park etc. The infants will also discover sensorimotor towards the end stages of infancy, early stages of childhood. Examples of this can be: waving good-bye crying when being left alone at e.g. nursery/ day care Mimicking adult actions and behaviour. Physically, the children tend to grow more gradually than they do within their infancy stages/ years. Their growth spurt tends to lie between the ages of 5-7. The children also tend to develop fine motor skills such as: writing drawing speaking etc The children begin to develop a sense of balance, making it less likely for them to fall over while walking or doing activities. Finally, they tend to grow at a rate of 5.8cm/year and around 2.5-3kg/year as well. Intellectually, the child should have gained more vocabulary from their previous years, which allows them to communicate with those within their surroundings. At this stage of life, the children are also aware of what is right from wrong, while being less self-centred. This allows the children to take simple responsibilities, such as apologising when they’ve done something wrong, for their own actions. Also, within this stage of life, the child’s brain expands and develops are a much faster rate and speed than their previous years. Emotionally, the child can develop more feelings and thoughts. At this stage of life, the children are able to develop further emotions such as: happiness nervousness negativity frustration enjoyment etc These emotions will allow the children to express their feelings and thoughts within different situations. Relationships with friends and family can influence and alter the way a child might feel about themselves, which may lower their self-confidence and sense of worth. This can also, be influenced by the teacher and friends in a positive or negative way, depending on the situation. Socially, children learn to share and communicate within their friendship groups and siblings. These friendship groups will continue to expand due to the new friends made in school. However, at this stage of life, the children tend to compare themselves with others, which may cause conflict, resulting in friendships lost within the social sector.