In, the effects of hazing, bullying, and harassment

 

In, today’s society
we continue to hear about the effects of hazing, bullying, and harassment among
college students.  There are questions as whether there has been an
increase in exposure or intensity in the recent years.  Although such
topics has been a focus of research for years such victimization, and the
negative consequences that are associated with such behaviors has been
receiving more attention from the media and policy makers in the last couple
years. Allan and Madden (2008) define hazing as “any activity expected of
someone joining or participating in a group that humiliates, degrades, abuses,
or endangers them regardless of a person’s willingness to participate. Hazing is classified differently than bullying,
however, the same influences and dynamics are involved.  Although
bullying involves repeated incidents of victimization, and hazing is a
time-limited phenomenon, it only occurs while students are attempting to gain
membership into the organization and it ceases once membership is obtained.

Hazing can be seen
throughout many different social facets, especially among college students and
their initiations into different fraternities and sororities.
 Many times the initiations can come in the form of fairly nonthreatening
pranks to patterns of behaviors that lead to the level of abuse and criminal
misconduct. In all cases hazing is prohibited by law and is prohibited by
institutions and colleges because of the severe physical and psychological
abuse that can occur. However, this does not stop college athletic teams,
fraternities and sororities from having new recruits participate in what most
call Hell Night or in prolonged circumstances Hell Week.

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In
some incidents Hazing resembles what using to be called “fagging”, which was a
traditional practice in British Boarding schools in the mid to late 1800’s
(Schaverien, 2011). In similar cases young children were the servants to the
older students within the boarding school, and what started as running errands
and completing chores quickly turned into harassment, humiliation, and abuse.
Although “fagging” was stopped in the late 1800’s throughout private schools in
Britain, it still continued throughout different arenas and developing into
something much more intense and cruel.