Electricity! food.One of the first major breakthroughs in

Electricity! One of the most successful discoveries of all
time which is utmost responsible for making our lives so luxurious. Today when
we look around our daily life we find that our lives are orbiting around electrically
operated devices. From bulbs to big machines, we are always surrounded by
numerous electrical devise. The invention of electricity has made difficult
tasks easy, tasks that are needed to be performed on daily basis for the proper
functioning of approximately everything, and moreover, after the industrial
revolution there is a humongous rise in the graph of requisition of
electricity. Scientists and researchers are keeping their best efforts to make
the human life as easy as pie, this results in new inventions every day which
are made so as to be inputted in the form of electric power to work; take any
example like mobile, computer, camera. None of them work without electricity.
Certainly now we can say that electricity has also become a bog-standard need
for human life like air, water and food.One of the first major breakthroughs in electricity
eventuated in 1831, when British scientist Michael Faraday discovered the basic
principle of generating electricity. He scrutinized that one can induce
electricity by moving magnets inside copper wire coil i.e. by disturbing the
field around the copper coil. The same principle is used even today for producing
electricity but it is done by rotating the magnets inside a coil in a
generator. (Generator is a devise, which converts mechanical energy into
electrical energy). This generator is connected to turbines by a shaft. To operate
the generator, turbine is needed to be rotated which is done by pressurized
steam. This steam is generated by scalding water using a heat source, where the
source includes any of the following material like coal, nuclear substance,
biomass, natural gas, etc.

There are
numerous technologies to generate electricity, some of them are as follows:-         Among them Nuclear is of our interest. In nuclear power
plants radioactive materials like uranium, radium and thorium etc. are used as
heat fount for producing steam by heating water. In general, Nuclear power
plants are installed on land. Though there are safety measures always taken, by
virtue of some technical problems nuclear reactors in plants meltdown, the
whole ambiance is razed. Such mishaps affect the atmosphere up to hundreds of
kilometers by releasing deleterious radioactive radiations, which leads to
numerous diseases. They release large amounts of greenhouse gases too.
Certainly it can be said that melting down of nuclear power plants is more or
less equivalent to dropping of a Nuclear bomb. People in Japan who had been residing
around the nuclear power plant blast in 2011 have been in a stoical situation
ever since. Because of the tremendous potential of nuclear power plants to
devastate mankind, and also acknowledging their potential to provide mankind
with huge amounts of power, these power plants installed in places away from places
away from human habitats to reduce the property and mankind loss. Instead of
these disasters, which can be caused by nuclear power plant they are still in
use as they can produce very large amount of
electricity using very less amount of radioactive material I.e. because of
their efficiency and less input cost compared to other means.

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