CCNP Routers and Routing Protocol Hardening Chapter 1

CCNP Implementing Cisco IP Routing (ROUTE) is one of three exams candidates choose to take after attaining a CCNA R&S certification in order to pursue in-depth certifications in the networking domain. CCNP ROUTE allows learners to acquire the needed set of skills in using innovative IP addressing and routing in executing highly secure and scalable Cisco routers that are associated with LANs, WANs using IPv4 and IPv6 protocols. Typically, the certification qualifies candidates for job roles such as network engineer, network administrator, network technician, and systems engineer.

 

Cisco Certified Network Professional – Implementing Cisco IP Routing (ROUTE)

The Cisco Certified Network Professional – Implementing Cisco IP Routing (ROUTE) certification is considered as a professional-level certificate, which authenticates knowledge and expertise required in the networking domain. The certification consists of one exam:

·         Implementing Cisco IP Routing – 300-101 ROUTE

 

A valid Cisco CCNA R&S certification or any Cisco CCIE certification is considered as a prerequisite.

 

Training Programs

Training for the CCNP ROUTE certification is available through Cisco Learning Partners and Cisco Learning Solutions Partners. The training program includes eight chapters as follow:

·         Chapter 1: Basic Network and Routing Concepts

·         Chapter 2: EIGRP Implementation

·         Chapter 3: OSPF

·         Chapter 4: Manipulating Routing Updates

·         Chapter 5: Path Control Implementation

·         Chapter 6: Enterprise Internet Connectivity

·         Chapter 7: BGP Implementation

·         Chapter 8: Routers and Routing Protocol Hardening

Chapter 1 explains how to configure Routing Information Protocol Next Generation (RIPng) and differentiates between dynamic routing protocols, traffic types, network types, and overlaying network technologies.

Chapter 2 discusses how to build the EIGRP topology table, establish EIGRP neighbor relationships, optimize EIGRP behavior, and configure EIGRP for IPv6 and named EIGRP configuration.

Chapter 3 discusses how basic OSPF configuration and OSPF adjacencies are performed, OSPF builds the routing table, configuration of summarization and stub areas in OSPF is performed, and configuration of OSPFv3 for IPv4 and IPv6.

Chapter 4 discusses how to use multiple IP routing protocols on a network and control routing update traffic.

Chapter 5 discusses path control, implementation of path control using policy-based routing and Cisco IOS IP SLAs, and usage of Cisco Express Forwarding Switching.

Chapter 6 examines how to plan enterprise internet connectivity, establish single-homed IPv4 and IPv6 internet connectivity, and improve internet connectivity resilience.

Chapter 7 explains BGP terminology, concepts and operation, implementation of basic BGP, BGP attributes and path-selection process, control BGP routing updates, and BGP for IPv6.

Chapter 8 discusses securing the management plane on Cisco routers, routing protocol authentication, and configuring authentication for EIGRP, OSPF, OSPFv3, and BGP peers.

 

Exam Details

The following exam details apply for the CCNP Routing and Switching exams as shown below.

Time allotted for exam: 120 minutes

Number of questions: 50 – 60 

Passing score: Cisco does not publish the passing scores since they vary according to the questions and are subject to change.

Question types:

·         Multiple choice, single Answer

·         Multiple choice, multiple answer

·         Drag and drop

·         Fill in the blanks

·         Simulation

·         Testlet (Scenarios with several questions)

·         Simlet (Scenarios with several questions)

Exam registration: Pearson Vue

Exam cost: 300 US Dollar

Languages: English, Japanese

Exam topics:

·         Network Principles                                                                                         10%

·         Layer 2 Technologies                                                                                     10%

·         Layer 3 Technologies                                                                                     40%

·         VPN Technologies                                                                                          10%

·         Infrastructure Security                                                                                    10%

·         Infrastructure Services                                                                                    20%

 

For more details on the exam topics, visit Cisco’s website.

 

Recertification

After passing a Cisco exam, candidates are given a period of three years from the date of certification before the certificate expires. To recertify, candidates must successfully pass one of the current 642-XXX Professional-level or any 300-XXX Professional-level exam, one current CCIE Written Exam, the Cisco Certified Architect (CCAr) conference AND its board evaluation to extend lower certifications, or Cisco Certified Design Expert (CCDE) Written Exam OR Practical Exam.

When successfully passing a higher level of certification, the expiration date of the older certification will extend to that of the higher certification.

 

 

The Subsequent Step

Implementing Cisco IP Routing (ROUTE) is one of three required exams to obtain the Cisco Certified Network Professional Routing and Switching (CCNP R). Usually after taking the ROUTE (300-101) exam, students proceed to the next step by taking one of the remaining two exams. Candidates can choose between the following two exams:

·         Implementing Cisco IP Switched Networks (SWITCH) – 300-115

·         Troubleshooting and Maintaining Cisco IP Networks (TSHOOT) – 300-135

After successfully passing the ROUTE (300-101) exam, I highly recommend candidates to take the SWITCH (300-115) exam before the TSHOOT (300-135) exam. The reason behind my recommendation is that students will have the chance to understand the advance switching concepts and techniques, which will make the materials of the TSHOOT (300-135) exam more comprehensible.

After successfully passing CCNP Routing and Switching, candidates can proceed to the final step in the Routing and Switching path by taking the Cisco Certified Internetwork Expert Routing and Switching (CCIE R).

In case students want to change their track to different concentration, Cisco developed many tracks from which students can choose from. The concentrations are categorized as follow:

For Associate level (CCNA), Cisco has the following concentrations:

·         CCNA Cloud

·         CCNA Collaboration

·         CCNA Cyber Ops

·         CCNA Data Center

·         CCNA Industrial

·         CCNA Security

·         CCNA Service Provider

·         CCNA Wireless

·         CCDA (Cisco Certified Design Associate)

Since the candidates have a broad number of options to choose from, I highly recommend candidates to choose the path that they are passionate about.

 

Career Considerations

Payscale.com offers a useful salary guide to assist learners determine suitable pay scales for job opportunities allied with the CCNP. Depending on professional experience, an employee who holds a CCNP ROUTE can earn an average salary ranging from $41,022 – $133,590 per year according to payscale.com. Most common roles for CCNP ROUTE certification holders include Network Administrator, Network Engineer, Network Technician, and Systems Engineer.

 

Exam Policies

Individuals under the age of 13 are not allowed to sit for the test or receive certifications even with parental approval. Individuals between 13 and 17 years old may take the test and obtain certification with parental consent on all exams, excluding CCIE and CCDE written, CCIE labs, and CCDE practical. Individuals 18 years old and over can take the tests and certification without any-related restriction.

For any further information regarding exam policies, candidate rights and responsibilities, visit Cisco’s website.

 

Exam Retake

The retake policies are as follow:

·         After an unsuccessful attempt for Professional, Associate, and Specialist exam, a mandatory wait period of five calendar days is required, starting the day after the failed attempt.

·         For Expert written exam, students must wait a period of fifteen calendar days, beginning the day after the failed attempt.

·         If students pass the exam, a waiting period of minimum 180 days is required before taking the same exam.

For details on exam retake policy for CCIE/CCDE written and lab exams, visit Cisco’s website.

 

Tips & Tricks

Cisco provides a collection of resources that help students to prepare for CCNP R certification exams. The resources include an overview of the exam, exam topic, study materials, which play a crucial role in preparing candidates for the certification, and practice exam for each exam topic. To access the resources, visit Cisco’s website.

Candidates should seriously consider obtaining the practice exams since they play a vital role in the preparation for the CCNP R&S exams. Cisco provides practice exams for every certificate. These practice exams can be found on Cisco’s official website.

To grasp the materials, candidates should do hands-on labs as much as they can. This can be accomplished by using Cisco Packet Tracer, which helps candidates create, configure and troubleshoot complex topologies. Devices inside Cisco Packet Tracer almost act as the real devices, where candidates can add hardware parts to the devices in order to achieve the desired topologies.