Neolithic Revolution, or Agricultural transformation, was an event that is
believed to take place roughly 9,000 years ago.
It marked the beginning of the domestication of certain plants and
animals by humans. The Neolithic
Revolution was an important event because it set in motion the snowball that
would later become the advanced human race (Hillel, 1992). With intelligent humans roaming around on
land, the Neolithic Revolution was an inevitable event. Relying on hunting other land animals for
food became a hassle for the humans that lived before the Neolithic
revolution. Hunting other animals
required the humans to always be on the move with the pack of animals that they
depended on. It is because of this
difficulty that people started to transition from the old way of acquiring food
to the new way of growing their own food in a single location. Another disadvantage of always being on the
move is not being able to construct very sophisticated shelter or have any time
to observe the world and make observations necessary for scientific and
technological advancement. Being on the
move does have some advantages over being stationary, however. One such advantage is a diet of greater
variance (Hillel, 1992). Settlements are
not completely free of flaws as one disadvantage is the threat of some kind of
outbreak among occupants.
The Neolithic Revolution
independently occurred in different parts of the world at about the same
time. The earliest signs of the
Neolithic Revolution are believed to have been left by tribes that hunted land
animals and ate many species of plants, located in the middle east, about 10 to
13 thousand years ago. These early
tribes are thought to have grown wheat and rye in Syria (Ancient Natufian farmers
in Syria, 2009). In Southwest Asia,
about 9000 years ago, the early farmers grew Barley, wheat, lentils, figs, and possibly
other forms of vegetation. The animals
that they utilized were goats, sheep, cattle, and pigs. About 2000 years after the South East Asian
farmers, farmers in China began to grow rice, millet soybeans, pigs, chickens,
and water buffalo. The water buffalo was
used to haul heavy equipment that was used to prepare the land for farming. Roughly 3000 years after the early chinese
farmers, Saharan and Sub-Saharan African people began to harvest sorghum,
millet, yams, and teff.
Hillel, D. (1992). Out of the earth: civilization and the life of the soil. Berkeley: University of California Press.
Ancient Natufian farmers in
Syria, at Abu Hureyra. (2009, March 03). Retrieved January 15, 2018, from
Ancient Natufian farmers in Syria, at Abu Hureyra
AEE1What is the significance of the Neolithic
Summarize the Neolithic revolution. 1-2
sentences.2-3 reasons why it is important. Transition to next topic.
2. Why did bands of people make the
transition from hunter/gathers/wanderer to settled life?
1-3 problems that they solved doing so.
3. What were some of the advantages and
disadvantages of both lifestyles?
Advantages were that the problems from 2 were solved. (settled)
4. Compare and contrast the transformation
in different regions of the world.
Choose most important parts
of world, similarities, differences.
5. In what ways did the transformation
influence social structure?
How did it
change the way we get our food?
How did it
change the economy?
How did it
change the world’s population?
What were people
doing with their spare time?
6. What are modern day consequences of
we have done with no spare time? If all our time is spent surviving, looking
students must include in-text citations with a
minimum of two references from the course reading materials plus two additional
sources that are not from the course material. ?